What are the Parts of a Laptop? – The Technology Behind Laptops


By Arindam Roy

These are the different parts of a laptop and how they are related to each other, or how they can help you improve your performance on a laptop.Some parts are simple to remove and install; others are better to have installed if possible. This guide is meant as a starting point if you are looking to improve your performance on a computer, not as a definitive set of instructions. You’re still free to change and improve what you’ve installed if you feel it necessary or beneficial.

The design and function of the various parts of a laptop cannot be ignored. It is crucial to get a computing device which is both portable and highly capable. If you intend to carry your laptop around in your bag or pocket for work, you must ensure that it has an extremely solid and sturdy design. You should also ensure that it has excellent performance features and is packed with high-quality components.

So what are the parts? Well, there are both internal and external components of a laptop. Internal components include things like your hard drive and your battery pack; external components include things like your mouse pad and keyboard (or in some cases built-in touchscreens).

So what’s the difference between internal and external parts? Internal components are what you see when you open up your laptop. External components are what you see when you look at the front of a laptop.

Different Parts

The Processor (or CPU) – The processor is essentially the brain of your computer. This is the component that does all the work for your computer. It’s like the CEO of your computer, if you will. Laptops usually come with either an Intel or AMD processor, and even though each one has its own pros and cons (for example: one might be more powerful than another), most laptops come with either an Intel or AMD processor. So you’ll need to choose which processor to get based on what kind of laptop you’re going for.

The Hard Drive – The hard drive is your laptop’s built-in long-term memory. This is where you save all your documents and photos and videos on your laptop, so if you lose this part, you lose everything on it. Many laptops now also have an SSD (solid-state drive) in addition to a hard drive, but for the purposes of this post we’ll only cover hard drives.

Also read: What are some common mistakes when buying a laptop

The Motherboard- This computer’s motherboard contains all the components required to run the CPU, such as memory and data storage devices (e.g. RAM and hard drive). The motherboard also has slots for upgrades to the computer like graphics cards or memory. It’s usually the steady beat of the motherboard that you can feel from outside the case.

The motherboard is also called a logic board, system board, mainboard or planar. It provides the basis for all other components in a computer system. It’s like its brain, since it controls and services every other component in the system. That’s why it’s sometimes called the ‘brains of a computer’ or ‘main board’. Every part of a laptop that is located below the screen is connected to this central part which contains all the essential parts required for its operations (e.g., disk drive).

The Memory – Memory is pretty self-explanatory; it’s the computer’s short-term memory that it uses while it’s processing information or running applications. The more memory you have, the faster your laptop will be and the easier it’ll be for you to do things on your computer. Most laptops come with either 4GB or 8GB of memory.

Read more: Choosing between Laptop, Mac and PC | Why to buy a laptop?

The Optical Drive – The optical drive (also known as the DVD drive) is what you use to play CDs and DVDs on your laptop. Laptops usually come with an optical drive (if a laptop doesn’t have an optical drive, then it’s probably a tablet), but if they don’t then you can always buy one separately. In fact, most people these days use external hard drives for their long-term storage rather than using CDs and DVDs.

The Graphics Card – The graphics card is what controls your graphics and visuals on your computer. This is what makes the video and images on your computer ‘pop’ while you’re watching movies or playing games on it. How much of a boost you get from your laptop’s graphics card will depend on which model you get and how powerful it is. For example, a laptop with an integrated graphics card (most laptops) isn’t that good for gaming, but one with a dedicated graphics card (usually for laptops with the Nvidia brand) will be able to make your games look completely different.

Trackpad – The trackpad is located in the bottom left-hand corner of your screen and is used for moving your mouse cursor around your screen. It also most often functions as a button when you right click on your desktop or activate an application’s menu. Some laptops don’t have a trackpad, but instead have buttons underneath instead.

Relevant reading: What are the different types of laptops? What they are used for?

Screen – The first major part of your laptop is your screen. The screen displays everything on your computer, so it’s important that it stays in good condition and there are no scratches on it when you purchase a new computer because they can get expensive to fix if they happen after purchase. Some screens also allow for touchscreens which are very valuable for touch-based apps or games, but at this point in time most laptops still have keyboard/mouse inputs so touchscreen features usually aren’t necessary.

Keyboard – Keys are the main input for your computer and a lot of people can’t stand anything but a full-size keyboard on their computer so if you are one who likes lots of keys, make sure that this is something that is important to you when looking for a new computer. The actual keys that go inside the keyboard also vary depending on your device, some keyboards have backlighting which allows the keys to light up and display easier in darker environments. Some others may be anti-ghosting which allows you to press multiple keys at once and still be able to use them all while typing on your device. Some laptops also feature chiclet keys which allow for a sleeker look and an easier input area to the computer.

Port – USB ports are another essential part of the laptop and they are used almost daily when you’re on your computer, whether it’s to charge a phone, transfer data from one device to another, or even just for entertainment purposes. The USB ports also vary depending on your device so make sure that you know what type of ports are available before purchasing a laptop because different devices may not be compatible with every single available USB port.

Read here: What are the parts of a laptop? The technology behind laptops

Battery – The size of your laptop’s battery will also be proportional to its lifespan between charges. This is because larger batteries take longer to charge and hold more energy than small ones. For this reason, if you plan on using your laptop as your primary gaming device or watching a lot of videos, it’s important that you’re comfortable with charging your battery every day or two before those activities are over.

Battery life is also largely dependent on the size of the screen you get, since larger screens require more energy to operate. If you plan on running a lot of productivity software and need longer battery life, it might be worth it to opt for a smaller screen. The bigger your laptop’s screen, the less flexibility you have when choosing a secondary display. For this reason, if you’re looking to play games or watch movies on your ultralight laptop but also want the option of taking notes in class, then a small sized screen is probably ideal for you.

Related article: Best Portable Projectors You Can Buy in India 2021

The technology behind laptops

Laptops have come a long way. From their original design, they have evolved into multi-function devices that are sleek and portable. With the advancement of technology, laptop components have gotten better as well. The unique design of these portable computers allow for some amazing features to be built into them.

It have radically changed the way we live and work. From their ability to connect to the internet, and our increasing demand for computational power, laptops have made a noticeable impact on the education sector. Today, tens of thousands of students carry around laptops in their pockets as they explore their worlds in digitized environments unrivalled by any previous generation.

Here I will be discussing the different types of technologies that can be found in modern laptops and what various parts do when functioning properly.

  • 1) Circuit Board: A circuit board is where all the complicated electronics go on a laptop to make them work properly. The board allows for the input/output of electricity to flow through circuits. The circuit itself is a complete circle in which electricity can go through, and even though this process seems simple, it is fundamental to making computers operate. Circuit boards control all the different parts of a laptop, such as the keyboard and touchpad. They are often made of plastic, but can also be composed of other materials such as fiberglass or copper. Circuit boards are an important part of laptops because they provide energy for all the other functions on the laptop and make them work properly (for example: without a circuit board, your screen would not turn on).
  • 2) Processor: The processor is one of the most important parts inside of a laptop computer. It is a small chip that is molded onto the circuit board and has a variety of tasks to do. Certain tasks will be done automatically by the processor, such as when you want to turn on your computer, while other times it will act as a slave to other parts of the circuit board (memory, graphics memory), which allows for it to do more complex functions.
  • 3) Memory: The memory bank of a laptop is composed of various pieces of electronics and wires (sometimes referred to as DRAM or Dynamic RAM). These pieces are sometimes also known as RAM or Random Access Memory. It can store data in temporary areas so that it can be accessed quickly when needed. It is an extremely important part of a laptop, as it can store large amounts of data to make it easier to access.
  • 4) Hard Drive: A hard drive is very crucial to modern laptops. It allows for the data stored in a laptop to be accessed quickly when the computer needs it. These drives have been around since the advent of personal computers and today, they are primarily made of platter media (magnetic disks). Other types of drives such as flash drives or Solid State Drives are also used in laptops today. They are important because they allow the data on a laptop to be easily accessed and stored on a computer’s hard drive.
  • 5) Cooling Fans: Laptops have cooling fans built into them to make the computer run at a reasonable temperature. Cooling fans are used for a variety of different reasons. In most cases, they will be used for forcing heat to leave the laptop through the use of a thermal compound in between the cooling fan and processor. This is important because if the temperature of a laptop starts to rise too high, it can cause malfunctions in other parts of the computer. The heating process is caused by both how computers are constructed but also by the processes that they are performing. Therefore, cooling fans allow for these processes to be carried out within a reasonable time without causing overheating or damaging any parts on your computer.
  • 6) Battery: The battery is an important component of laptops because it allows for a large amount of power to be stored in one central area so that it can easily be accessed when needed. Batteries can either be lithium ion or lithium polymer.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to use troubleshooting in a laptop?

Troubleshooting begins with identifying the issue or problem. The next step is to identify the root cause of the problem. You must then plan how to fix the problem. The steps are in decreasing order of priority: Find Out what’s wrong with your computer Fix it (if it’s software based) Reboot your computer Docs or other online resources that might help you Fix it Properly (e.g. Drivers/Utilities)

how to add ram to a laptop

We are going to show you how to add ram to a laptop. You will need a laptop, screwdriver, and some ram.

Locate the underside of your computer and loosen the screws on the bottom panel with a screwdriver or coin.

Carefully take out the bottom panel and study your computer’s anatomy – identify where there is room for you to insert more memory modules or hard drive(s). The slots may be in different configurations, so be sure to know which of them are filled already before inserting any more components!

Insert your newly acquired ram module(s) into the empty slots as was mentioned above; press down firmly so you don’t damage any of the internal components.

2.how to measure laptop screen

Every screen will show the same thing, but the way they show it differs. To make sure that you are getting what you want, you should take these measurements
– The size, which is measured from one corner to the opposite corner of the screen. This gives an idea of just how big a screen is in pixels.
– The aspect ratio is the ratio between height and width, or 1:1 for squares like televisions and computers. If a computer has a 16×9 aspect ratio then its diagonals will each measure 16 inches

how old is my laptop? How to check that.

Getting curious about the age of your laptop? Here are easy steps to find out how old your laptop is.

1) Go to Settings.

2) Click on “About PC” or “About my Mac.”

3) Scroll down until you see the words “Model” and “Date manufactured.” The date of manufacture will be shown next to the model, for example 2016/6/09.

how to check laptop specs

Laptop specs are important, be they the machine’s speed or the GPU it contains. Some are more important than others, since certain versions will be required for specific tasks. You just need to go make a right click on “My Pc” and click on properties. It will show your laptop specs.

how to connect ethernet cable to laptop

Connecting an Ethernet cable to your laptop isn’t as easy as plugging in a wall plug. Here we’ll go through how to connect ethernet cable to laptop step by step.

1) Open up the lid of your laptop and locate this connector on the side of the bottom half of your machine.

2) Now take a look at your eero port. It’s a rectangular port on top of your laptop where you plug in all of your power, data and USB cables for charging.

3) Get your Ethernet cord and locate the clips along one end of the connector. On the other end of your Ethernet cord you will see a small rectangular bump. This is called a ferrule. You need to press your ferrule into the latches on your eero port in order to connect ethernet cable to laptop.

How much ram do I need for a laptop?

Just how much RAM does a laptop need? The answer is that it depends on what you’re doing and which operating system you use. There are some basic guidelines, but it’s important to know your own needs before making a purchase decision.

Before buying, consider how you’ll be using the device. Will you be streaming video or radio programs? Is the laptop going to be shared with multiple members of your household? Know your needs before making any purchase decisions.

You may also be interested in:
Best Monitors under 10000 Rupees in India: Buyer’s Guide
Best Monitors under 15000 Rupees: Top Picks 2021
Best Monitors under 20000 Rupees: Top Reviews 2021

 

Go To Home Page

 

About The Author

Reply